Abdiqadir Kosar: A Life of Courage, Leadership, and Contribution


Cabdiqani Cabdillaahi Aadan

9/23/20236 min read

Abdiqadir Kosar
Abdiqadir Kosar

I. Introduction

Abdiqadir Kosar's life was one marked by extraordinary courage, exceptional leadership, and significant contributions to society. Born in the forties in the small town of Hararda Gubataxiil, Togdheer, in northern Somalia, Abdiqadir's journey took him from his humble beginnings to becoming a renowned figure in the fight against colonialism in Africa. His academic achievements, remarkable intelligence, and extensive knowledge of languages equipped him to make meaningful impacts both within the military and in diplomatic endeavors. This biographical profile will delve into the life of Abdiqadir Kosar, highlighting his achievements and lasting contributions. Honouring people who contribute to society is a way of preserving their memory for future generations. It is also a way of showing gratitude for their efforts and encouraging others to follow their example.

II. Background and Education

Born in the forties of the 20th century, Abdiqadir's upbringing and education laid the foundation for his future accomplishments. His His academic journey was marked by notable achievements, and he acquired a deep knowledge of diplomacy and multiple languages. He received his primary education at Burco elementary school and subsequently attended secondary school in Amoud. After completing his studies, he joined the Somali National Army (SNA) as a cadet officer and rose through the ranks to become a colonel. Veteran Ahmed Mire said of Damal Abdiqadir: “Abdiqadir was a highly educated man, a great man of knowledge. When you look at the two places where Somalis studied, he learned from both of them and excelled. He took his first military course in Cairo and his later academic studies in Russia. It was in those two places that Somalis went to school at the time. He was a true scholar. Among his talents was the chance to learn and speak many languages.¹"

Bobe Yusuf Duale said: "He was a man of knowledge and extremely well-informed. He kept up with the current events in his country as well as those around the world. Even during Somalia's struggle for liberation, he wrote continuously and recorded every thought—he prepared speeches that reflected this information. Because we were politically part of the Soviet sphere, he read a lot about socialism and communism. He was familiar with these political circles in the West and spoke their languages. He spoke eight languages fluently; not only did he speak them, but he was able to write and converse in all of them as easily as if they were his native tongue. He could speak English, Arabic, Spanish, French, Amharic, Portuguese, and Italian²" .

III. Outstanding Qualities

Abdiqadir Kosar's life spanned 42 years and revealed a remarkable mix of virtues: courage, talent, eloquence, and a well-rounded nature. He was known as a man of great intellect, with excellent diplomatic and linguistic skills; he took an active part in the anti-colonial struggle in Africa. He had a strong desire that every African nation achieve greatness. He was a man of vision and foresight, who understood the essential role of freedom. He also firmly believed that self-determination was the cornerstone upon which any nation could achieve greatness.

Testimonies from those who knew him attest to his exceptional intelligence. Muse Sahar, for instance, speaks highly of Abdiqadir's remarkable intellect: “Abdiqadir Kosar, may Allah have mercy on him;. He was one of the students who I taught (psychology). If his intelligence level wasn't genius-level, then it must've been exceptional—one of the two and no less! I would say that his IQ is 180 or 190 or 200, in my opinion³”

Veteran Rashiid Gadhwaeyne continues talking about Abdiqadir’s superb knowledge, awareness, and intellect said: "In 1977, we met again during the Ogden war. He was with the first Somali army to enter Godey, Ethiopia, I believe he had just been released from prison by Mohamed Siad Bare and then sent straight into battle. I was with a group of journalists from the world news agencies—the BBC and AFP, the French news agency—as well as some other reporters. We were escorting them to areas that had been liberated so they could see first-hand what life is like in those regions. When we met him, I was surprised to see that he was the only officer who seemed aware of his political surroundings. It was when the BBC recorded a splendid program in English, that he won my respect. I realized then that he is an intellectual and knowledgeable—well-read on politics. He was a man of knowledge and avid reader. He kept up-to-date with the world's current affair and news, writing continuously to record every thought or event he came across⁴".

IV. Military and Diplomatic Roles - Training Abilities and contributions to Anti-Colonial Struggle

Abdiqadir embarked on a multifaceted career as a military man. translator, and diplomat. His achievements in these roles were noteworthy, particularly as a private translator for the former president Mohamed Siad Barre and official government translator and leader in providing military support. Personally and nationally, he gained a reputation for his exceptional abilities and accomplishments. Abdiqadir was recognised for his exceptional training skills and his substantial contributions to foreign fighters. His insights and His guidance proved invaluable, solidifying his impact on the broader struggle.

One of Abdiqadir's significant contributions was his involvement in the fight against colonialism, or injustice especially in Africa. His unwavering desire to aid African nations in achieving their goals through struggle earned him recognition. Abdiqadir's passion for the anti-colonial movement evident in his active participation. He was the leader of military support from Somalia to aid African countries, including but not limited to the ANC in South Africa, SWAPO- Namibia (South West Africa People’s Organization), MPLA- Angola (Angolan Proverbsial Liberation Movement)—both of which continued fighting despite being recognized by Cold War superpowers; FRELIMO—Mozambique Independence movement; Cape Verdean and Guinea Bissau resistance against long time enemy Portugal and also central government control over local politics Equatorial Guinea. Abdi-Laangadhe mentioned: "Abdiqadir went to Mozambique, Malawi and South Africa. Ibrahim Muhammad Sa'maal told me he had provided additional military training in East Africa, and that he also held two military attaché positions commissioned by Mohamed Siad Barre⁵."

V. Role in the National Liberation Struggle

In the ten-year long liberation struggle, Abdiqadir played an active role. He was a leader in the SNM and his accomplishments as its third chairman were significant; among all five former chairmen he was unique for having had a military background. In addition to his remarkable achievements, such as his success in persuading the Ethiopian government to support SNM by leveraging his extensive connections throughout Africa. Haji Gaas told me about Abdiqadir, saying: "Abdiqadir regularly spoke with the presidents of Mozambique, Angola and Guinea Bissau about his cause. He received money from all three leaders as well as lobbying Ethiopia for assistance in support of the SNM's insurgency against Siad Barre⁶".

Abdiqadir's personality and character shone through, gaining admiration from his peers. He was known as a man of high integrity and honesty, who always spoke his mind. He was also respected for his ability to stand up for what he believed in and for being an excellent leader who cared about the welfare of the people. Rashid-Gadhweyne went on and said: "He was a wonderful phenomenon. He knew how to win the hearts and minds of those he came in contact with, which made him very different from everyone else—that’s what opened doors for SNM and compelled Ethiopia give them all the logistics needed⁷.” Veteran Abdikarim Ibrahim Mohamed (Caato), telling me about the influence he had in the organization, said: “Abdiqadir was a giant tree that fell from the SNM. Our enemies rejoices great in his death but the struggle did not stop after him till we defeated the enemy ⁸” Veteran Abdikarim Ibrahim Mohamed (Caato) continued and said: "Abdiqadir was one of the leaders and heroes of the Somalian National Movement. He was central to its success. Although people felt the loss of Abdiqadir, his death did not stop the struggle⁹."

VIII. Conclusion

Abdiqadir Kosaar was assassinated(May Allah have mercy on his soul) on July 12 at Mustahil, Ethiopia. He was 42 years old. In conclusion, Abdiqadir's story is an example of how one person can make a difference. His dedication to the anti-colonial struggle, leadership roles, and impact on the SNM's struggle showcase the depth of his contributions. Abdiqadir Kosar’s courage, talent, intelligence, and diverse range of skills made him a figure to be recognised and celebrated. Abdiqadir Kosar was a revolutionary. His untimely death has left many questions unanswered, but it is certain that he was killed for political reasons. In conclusion, Abdiqadir's story is an example of how one person can make a difference. Abdiqadir Kosaar, may God grant him Jannah, left five children: Hodan, Hibaaq, Kosaar, Dhudi and Amal. He married two women – Sahra Mohamed Ajab and Sahra Sulub Xaasshi—both now living in Hargeisa.


  1. ) Ahmed Mire, telephone interview, 26/11/2022

  2. ) Boobe Yuusuf Ducaale, personal interview, 22/08/2022

  3. ) Muuse Saxar, personal interview, 29/09/2022, Burao.

  4. )Rashiid Sheekh Cabdillaahi Axmed, personal interview, 06/07/2022

  5. ) Cabdi Aw Maxamuud Ismaaciil, personal interview, 28/08/2022

  6. )Rashiid Sheekh Cabdillaahi Axmed, personal interview, 06/07/2022

  7. ) Cabdi-Caato, personal interview, 09/10/2021,

  8. )Ibid.